Sunday, May 24, 2020

Role of the Social Media in Social Movements Essay

Introduction The number of revolutions in the last 3 decades has increased, and seems to keep increasing. Civil unrest and protests brought many victims including civil and political figures throughout the world. In the era where technology is at the peak of its success, especially in communication technologies, mankind suffers from lack of communication. Problem is not caused by the technology itself, the problem is in human nature. I will continue with an analogy. Man invented the knife, which is very useful tool in our daily lives. The problem occurs when one thinks about the purposes that knife could be used. Story repeats itself with Newspapers and News Media. Technology improved the speed and the size that news can reach anywhere in†¦show more content†¦You can control what they believe if you can control what they have access to. In other words, if you can control what they can know the rest of it is a simple matter.† ~ John Perry Barlow Web is the next great revolution after industrial one. Why? Because it supercharges the information like the steam supercharged the physical force. In other words, web does the same thing for information as what steam for physical power. The web allows anyone to publish and distribute words, images, videos and software globally, instantly and virtually for free. Moreover, the pioneers who paved the way for the web thought of it as the ultimate empowering tool. Wikipedia is the example of how web empowers each and every one of us. It offers the knowledge for free; it undercuts authority and enables ordinary people to shape knowledge together. This idea could be traced back to 1960 when the counterculture, libertarianism began to take root. It was a mix of both left and right wing ideas and rejected state control, the legal system and censorship while emphasizing importance of individual free will. While the countercultural dream would disappear in the real world, in 1970 it founded place where these ideas would flourish. Previously, computers were in the hands of governments, military and big corporations, but now for the first time small and cheaper models began to put the technology in the hands of the people. And somethingShow MoreRelatedNetworks Of Outrage And Hope : Social Movements922 Words   |  4 PagesIn his book, Networks of Outrage and Hope: Social Movements in the Internet Age, Manuel Castells, a Spanish professor of sociology and communication, focuses on current social movements and protests in the world recently. Examples of such movements are the revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt, and Spain. These revolutions demonstrate the role of social networks and the Internet which broadcast the details of these social movements. Each movement has social, cultural, and political aspects, which are whatRead MoreThe Impact Of Media On Indigenous Collective Action1725 Words   |  7 Pageswithin the media. The media has played an important role in shaping perception on Indigenous collective action. But like the photo shows, Indigenous people have agency also used the media for their own gains. Today, the media portraying of Indigenous issues has undergone a major shift portraying native people more then previous stereotypes and showing complexity of Aboriginal identity. The major turning point for this representation is often place on the rise of the #Idle no More movement and its useRead MoreEssay on Nonviolent Resistance Helped by Communication Methods1251 Words   |  6 PagesNon-violent activism has played a critical role in several transitions from authoritarianism like, the withering away of the Soviet Union and the Apartheid in South Africa. For many activists, non-violent action has become an effective way to achieve social or political goals. Peter Ackerman and Christopher Kruegler, the authors of â€Å"Strategic Nonviolent Conlfict: The Dyn amics of People Power in the Twentieth Century,† mention how the appearance of non-violent action as a weapon of choice in resolvingRead MoreSocial Network Media Benefits Feminism1448 Words   |  6 PagesOne specific event that proves that social network media benefits feminism was in 2014, with the hashtag #YesAllWomen. An incident happened in May 2014 where a young man, Elliot Rodger, expressed his hatred for women and he went on a shooting spree in Santa Barbara, California, targeting women. After this tragedy made the news, thousands of women posted on various social networks with the hashtag #YesAllWomen, in order to share the ways sexism and violence affects everyone in their daily life. ThisRead MoreSocial Media As A Powerful Tool928 Words   |  4 PagesSocial media is a powerful tool that can be used to aide in social movements and transformations. The speed, easiness, and ability to connect people are key aspects as to why social media plays a major role in organi zing social justice movements. I believe that one of the most important aspects of social media is that it is available for so many people to see and use. People are able to organize protests, spread information on important topics rapidly, and share updates on what is going on from anyRead MoreHow Media Has Shaped The Ages Through Music1273 Words   |  6 PagesHow Media Has Shaped the Ages through Music: Music is a medium that has shaped the ages in relation to its significant role in social movements. Actually, music has acted as one of the various methods and vehicles through which social movements have existed and developed. The role and significance of music in shaping the ages is primarily attributed to the fact that it represents more than entertainment as it has spoken for generations and exemplified belief systems. Generally, music has had aRead MoreHow Language Influences Success When Using Social Media For Starting And Sharing Different Social Justice Movements1509 Words   |  7 Pageswhen using social media for starting and sharing different social justice movements. This research will be able to help future social justice advocates spread their message effectively in the future. This research project will go over several different factors of language like gender, age personality and location (Benjamin et al, Schwartz et al) and the Red Equal Sign Profile Picture Ca mpaign led by the Human Rights Campaign. The Red Equal Sign Profile Picture Campaign is a social movement advocatingRead MoreThe Rise Of Social Media And Its Impact On The Feminism Movement Essay1542 Words   |  7 Pages Media Research Literature Review The rise of Social Media and its impact on the Feminism Movement Abstract: The new media Internet, social media platforms, has been an increasingly popular tool for feminists to promote the feminism movement. With the broad reach of the internet and social media, this has led to a wider awareness of the feminist movement. The broad reach of the internet and social media however has also open the female gender to various levels of objectificationRead MoreThe Role of Social Media in Political Rallies1276 Words   |  5 Pagesmobile and social media had taken an important role in contemporary civil protests and rallies especially in Asia due to the socio-political background. Sunflower movement, a protest that took place in Taiwan earlier this year in March will be used as the case study for the topic. Due to the lack of academic resources about this new event, news article and internet resources will be my main approach of research for the movement. This essay will discuss the topic by discussing how social media can beRead MoreThe Egyptian Revolution And Th e Arab World1453 Words   |  6 Pagesmajor tool and function. In order to ensure that every member provided a unique perspective on the Egyptian revolution, we created a project script and assigned roles based on individual interest with Amanda being the main facilitator of the Facebook simulation and in charge of the analytical perspective of the Arab Spring in Egypt. Alex s role was researching the political background and climate in Egypt before the revolution occurred to highlight the turmoil present in the government. I was interested

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Reparative Therapy - 1176 Words

Kyesha Fields Mr. Huston English IV Senior Term Paper 09 November 2012 Is Reparative (Conversion) Therapy Okay? Throughout history there has been much controversy surrounding the topic of human beings sexual orientation. Whether it they are straight, gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgendered, people like what they like. In some cases, many people believe that they are born with certain urges that attract them to either the same or maybe even the opposite sex. The number one question that has been asked in today’s society is that if using reparative therapy is okay. Although many people believe in using this therapy, they should steer away from practicing it because it is unethical, there is no proven cure, and it often leads to an†¦show more content†¦Shortly after saying this Paulk was spotted and photographed in a D.C. gay bar† (Johnson). With results like these, all therapists should refrain from using conversion therapy. Whether conversion therapy be unethical or have no proven cure, its biggest downfall is the increased rates o f depression and suicides among gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered teens. Being a teen in today’s society is hard all by its self. From getting bullied about what you wear or worrying about not having enough food to eat. But for those teens who are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgendered there is a whole new door of problems that is opened up. They are made to feel alone, like no one loves them, or as if they need to change. And it is understandable for them to want to change when there are things like reparative therapy in today’s world. â€Å"The potential risks of conversion therapy are great, including depression, anxiety, self-destructive behavior, and sometimes reinforced self-hatred† (Meyer). For most people homosexuality is not a choice, therefore it cannot be changed. Trying to get people to change by making them feel insignificant is the number one way conversion therapy works. Patients are told that if does not work it is because they did not try hard enough. This fact alone can hurt a person’s self-esteem and make t hem want to commit suicide. Not to mention the fact that some of these gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered teens feel rejectedShow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Mutual Uniqueness And Social Diversity3314 Words   |  14 Pagesuniqueness and social diversity have developed together an essential and significant phases of people s everyday lives. In the situation of a therapist s part, where a equal gullible beneficial setting is helpful to the accomplishment of some results of therapy, it has become supreme for today s expert therapist to recognize and speak about these matters once arriving into any therapeutic association with clients. Through universal movement without trouble is open to several individuals, the World has turnedRead MoreArt Therapy As An Industry2159 Words   |  9 PagesArt Therapy Art therapy as an industry is surrounded by many questions. Questions that are led by a lack of conclusive evidence. Art Therapy has multiple techniques and options, though many are left undiscovered due to such controversy surrounding the industry. Art Therapy can help lead to countless diagnoses, anything from Alzheimer’s to depression; and can be used in marriage counselling or physical ailments. With so many uses, why is this form of therapy still looked down upon by such a vastRead MoreExpressive Arts Therapy Essay1176 Words   |  5 PagesExpressive arts therapy is the use of art modalities, creative process, and aesthetic experience in a therapeutic context. It is a therapy of the imagination (McNiff, 1992). 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Before discussing treatment, original orientationRead MoreSelf Esteem Effects Of Minors Who Undergo Conversion Therapy Essay1715 Words   |  7 Pagesof Minors who Undergo Conversion Therapy Matt Sklenka Cleveland State University â€Æ' Abstract Recently, conversion therapy has been shown to produce harmful effects in adults, including decreased self-esteem. This research proposal summarizes some of these findings, identifies a gap in the research with minors, and addresses issues related to this gap. Furthermore, a research design to examine the relationship between minors who undergo conversion therapy and self-esteem is explored and outlinedRead MoreThe Psychology Of Conversion Therapy1874 Words   |  8 PagesWhat Conversation Therapy Actually Does While reading â€Å"Hard Rock Return to Prison† by Etheridge Knight one may start to think of the effects of correcting or convert someone’s behavior to a more â€Å"favorable† one. This idea is present in today’s society and to better understand this believe and practice one will have to explore the psychology of conversion therapy. Conversion Therapy or reparative therapy is a â€Å"range of dangerous and discredited practices that falsely claim to change a person’s sexualRead MoreStructural Family Therapy For The Signature Assignment2235 Words   |  9 Pagesabout Structural Family Therapy for the signature assignment. This will include a summary that will explain the model, examples of the model, resources behind the claims, concepts and treatment plans. I will go over the models’ approach and explain why it is important as well as why it is considered a systems-based approach. For this model, I am applying the movie, â€Å"Love and Ba sketball.† The family that I am focusing on for this case is the McCall family. Structural Family Therapy is the belief thatRead MoreHomosexuality As A Mental Disorder1325 Words   |  6 Pages mocked, and often killed for simply being gay. Because of these social and religious criticisms, many people have been forced to partake in â€Å"conversion† or â€Å"reparative† therapies in order to become heterosexual. These therapies and have been known to psychologically scar, emotionally damage, and physically harm the recipient of the therapy. These social, religious, and political dispositions against homosexuality is called homophobia. Homophobia, having deep-set roots in society, is difficultRead MoreWhat Can t Be Changed During The 1900 S1349 Words   |  6 PagesMr.Cooper English 11 30 December 2016 Trying to Change what Can t be Changed During the 1900’s, homosexuals were sent to mental institutions to â€Å"cure† them of what was thought to be a disease. There they underwent shock therapy, one of the many methods used in conversion therapy. In 1920 Sigmund Freud began the practice of changing a person s sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual. In the beginning homosexuality was also deemed as â€Å" a negative human characteristic caused by immaturityRead MoreThe Therapy Is Ineffective Or Unethical?1342 Words   |  6 PagesDuring the 1900’s, families sent their homosexual relatives to mental institutions to â€Å"cure† them of what was believed to be a disease. There they underwent shock therapy, one of the many methods used in conversion therapy. In 1920, Sigmund Freud began the practice of changing a person s sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual. In the beginning homosexuality was also deemed as â€Å" a negative human characteristic caused by immaturity, p athology and family dynamic† (McCormick 171). Soon its

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Bloodlines Chapter Three Free Essays

THE DRIVE TO PALM SPRINGS WAS AGONY. I was exhausted from being dragged out of bed, and even when Keith took over the wheel, I couldn’t fall asleep. I had too much on my mind: Zoe, my reputation, the mission at hand†¦. We will write a custom essay sample on Bloodlines Chapter Three or any similar topic only for you Order Now My thoughts spun in circles. I just wanted to fix all the problems in my life. Keith’s driving did nothing to make me less anxious. I was also upset because my father hadn’t let me say goodbye to my mom. He’d gone on and on about how we should just let her sleep, but I knew the truth. He was afraid that if she knew I was leaving, she’d try to stop us. She’d been furious after my last mission: I’d gone halfway around the world alone, only to be returned with no clue as to what my future held. My mom had thought the Alchemists had used me badly and had told my dad it was just as well they seemed to be done with me. I don’t know if she really could’ve stood in the way of tonight’s plans, but I didn’t want to take my chances in case Zoe got sent instead of me. I certainly hadn’t expected a warm and fuzzy farewell from him, but it felt strange leaving on such unsettled terms with my sister and mother. When dawn came, briefly turning the desert landscape of Nevada into a blazing sea of red and copper, I gave up on sleep altogether and decided to just power through. I bought a twenty-four-ounce cup of coffee from a gas station and assured Keith I could drive us the rest of the way. He gladly gave up the wheel, but rather than sleep, he bought coffee as well and chatted me up for the remaining hours. He was still going strong with his new we’re-friends attitude, almost making me wish for his earlier animosity. I was determined not to give him any cause to doubt me, so I worked hard to smile and nod appropriately. It was kind of hard to do while constantly gritting my teeth. Some of the conversation wasn’t so bad. I could handle business talk, and we had plenty of details to still work out. He told me all he knew about the school, and I ate up his description of my future home. Amberwood Preparatory School was apparently a prestigious place, and I idly wondered if maybe I could treat it as pretend college. By Alchemist standards, I knew all I needed for my job, but something in me always burned for more and more knowledge. I’d had to learn to content myself with my own reading and research, but still, college – or even just being around those who knew more and had something to teach me – had long been a fantasy of mine. As a â€Å"senior,† I would have off-campus privileges, and one of our first orders of business – after securing fake IDs – was to get me a car. Knowing I wouldn’t be trapped at a boarding school made things a bit more bearable, even though it was obvious that half of Keith’s enthusiasm for getting me my own transportation was to make sure I could shoulder any work that came along with the job. Keith also enlightened me about something I hadn’t realized – but probably should have. â€Å"You and that Jill girl are being enrolled as sisters,† he said. â€Å"What?† It was a measure of my self-control that my hold on the car never wavered. Living with a vampire was one thing – but being related to one? â€Å"Why?† I demanded. I saw him shrug in my periphery. â€Å"Why not? It explains why you’ll be around her so much – and is a good excuse for you to be roommates. Normally, the school doesn’t pair students who are different ages, but†¦ well†¦ your ‘parents’ promised a hefty donation that made them change their normal policy.† I was so stunned that I didn’t even have my normal gut reaction to slap him when he concluded with his self-satisfied chuckle. I’d known we’d be living together†¦ but sisters? It was†¦ weird. No, not just that. Outlandish. â€Å"That’s crazy,† I said at last, still too shocked to come up with a more eloquent response. â€Å"It’s just on paper,† he said. True. But something about being cast as a vampire relative threw my whole order off. I prided myself on the way I’d learned to behave around vampires, but part of that came from the strict belief that I was an outsider, a business associate distinct and removed. Playacting as Jill’s sister destroyed those lines. It brought about a familiarity that I wasn’t sure I was ready for. â€Å"Living with one of them shouldn’t be so bad for you,† Keith commented, drumming his fingers against the window in a way that put my nerves on edge. Something about the too-casual way he spoke made me think he was leading me into a trap. â€Å"You’re used to it.† â€Å"Hardly,† I said, choosing my words carefully. â€Å"I was with them for a week at most. And actually, most of my time was spent with dhampirs.† â€Å"Same difference,† he replied dismissively. â€Å"If anything, the dhampirs are worse. They’re abominations. Not human, but not full vampires. Products of unnatural unions.† I didn’t respond right away and instead pretended to be deeply interested in the road ahead. What he said was true, by Alchemist teaching. I’d been raised believing that both races of vampires, Moroi and Strigoi, were dark and wrong. They needed blood to survive. What kind of person drank from another? It was disgusting, and just thinking about how I’d soon be ferrying Moroi to their feedings made me ill. But the dhampirs†¦ that was a trickier matter. Or at least, it was for me now. The dhampirs were half human and half vampire, created at a time when the two races had mingled freely. Over the centuries, vampires had pulled away from humans, and both of our races now agreed that those kinds of unions were taboo. The dhampir race had persisted against all odds, however, in spite of the fact that dhampirs couldn’t reproduce with each other. They could with Moroi or humans, and plenty of Moroi were up to the task. â€Å"Right?† asked Keith. I realized he was staring at me, waiting for me to agree with him about dhampirs being abominations – or maybe he was hoping I would disagree. Regardless, I’d been quiet for too long. â€Å"Right,† I said. I mustered the standard Alchemist rhetoric. â€Å"In some ways, they’re worse than the Moroi. Their race was never meant to exist.† â€Å"You scared me there for a second,† Keith said. I was watching the road but had a sneaking suspicion he’d just winked at me. â€Å"I thought you were going to defend them. I should’ve known better than to believe the stories about you. I can totally get why you’d want to gamble at the glory – but man, that had to have been harsh, trying to work with one of them.† I couldn’t explain how once you’d spent a little time with Rose Hathaway, it was easy to forget she was a dhampir. Even physically, dhampirs and humans were virtually indistinguishable. Rose was so full of life and passion that sometimes she seemed more human than I was. Rose certainly wouldn’t have meekly accepted this job with a simpering, â€Å"Yes, sir.† Not like me. Rose hadn’t even accepted being locked in jail, with the weight of the Moroi government against her. Abe Mazur’s blackmail had been a catalyst that spurred me to help her, but I’d also never believed that Rose had committed the murder they’d accused her of. That certainty, along with our fragile friendship, had driven me to break Alchemist rules to help Rose and her dhampir boyfriend, the formidable Dimitri Belikov, elude the authorities. Throughout it all, I’d watched Rose with a kind of wonder as she battled the world. I couldn’t envy someone who wasn’t human, but I could certainly envy her strength – and refusal to back down, no matter what. But again, I could hardly tell Keith any of that. And I still didn’t believe for an instant, despite his sunny act, that he was suddenly okay with me coming along. I gave a small shrug. â€Å"I thought it was worth the risk.† â€Å"Well,† he said, seeing I wasn’t going to offer anything more. â€Å"The next time you decide to go rogue with vampires and dhampirs, get a little backup so you don’t get in as much trouble.† I scoffed. â€Å"I have no intention of going rogue again.† That, at least, was the truth. We reached Palm Springs late in the afternoon and got to work immediately with our tasks. I was dying for sleep by that point, and even Keith – despite his talkativeness – looked a little worn around the edges. But we’d gotten the word that Jill and her entourage were arriving tomorrow, leaving very little time to put the remaining details in place. A visit to Amberwood Prep revealed that my â€Å"family† was expanding. Apparently, the dhampir coming with Jill was enrolling as well and would be playing our brother. Keith was also going to be our brother. When I questioned that, he explained that we needed someone local to act as our legal guardian should Jill or any of us need to be pulled from school or granted some privilege. Since our fictitious parents lived out of state, getting results from him would be faster. I couldn’t fault the logic, even though I found being related to him more repulsive than having dhampirs or vampires in the family. And that was saying a lot. Later on, a driver’s license from a reputable fake ID maker declared that I was now Sydney Katherine Melrose, from South Dakota. We chose South Dakota because we figured the locals didn’t see too many licenses from that state and wouldn’t be able to spot any flaws in it. Not that I expected there to be. The Alchemists didn’t associate with people who did second-rate work. I also liked the picture of Mount Rushmore on the license. It was one of the few places in the United States that I’d never been. The day wrapped up with what I had most been looking forward to: a trip to a car dealer. Keith and I did almost as much haggling with each other as we did with the salesman. I’d been raised to be practical and keep my emotions in check, but I loved cars. That was one of the few legacies I’d picked up from my mom. She was a mechanic, and some of my best childhood memories were of working in the garage with her. I especially had a weakness for sports cars and vintage cars, the kinds with big engines that I knew were bad for the environment – but that I guiltily loved anyway. Those were out of the question for this job, though. Keith argued that I needed something that could hold everyone, as well as any cargo – and that wouldn’t attract a lot of attention. Once more, I conceded to his reasoning like a good little Alchemist. â€Å"But I don’t see why it has to be a station wagon,† I told him. Our shopping had led us down to a new Subaru Outback that met most of his requirements. My car instincts told me the Subaru would do what I needed. It would handle well and had a decent engine, for what it was. And yet†¦ â€Å"I feel like a soccer mom,† I said. â€Å"I’m too young for that.† â€Å"Soccer moms drive vans,† Keith told me. â€Å"And there’s nothing wrong with soccer.† I scowled. â€Å"Does it have to be brown, though?† It did, unless we wanted a used one. As much as I would’ve liked something in blue or red, the newness took precedence. My fastidious nature didn’t like the idea of driving â€Å"someone else’s† car. I wanted it to be mine – shiny, new, and clean. So, we made the deal, and I, Sydney Melrose, became the proud owner of a brown station wagon. I named it Latte, hoping my love of coffee would soon transfer to the car. Once our errands were done, Keith left me for his apartment in downtown Palm Springs. He offered to let me stay there as well, but I’d politely refused and gotten a hotel room, grateful for the Alchemists’ deep pockets. Honestly, I would’ve paid with my own money to save me from sleeping under the same roof as Keith Darnell. I ordered a light dinner up to my room, relishing the alone time after all those hours in the car with Keith. Then I changed into pajamas and decided to call my mom. Even though I was glad to be free of my dad’s disapproval for a while, I would miss having her around. â€Å"Those are good cars,† she told me after I began the call by explaining my trip to the dealership. My mother had always been a free spirit, which was an unlikely match for someone like my dad. While he’d been teaching me chemical equations, she’d showed me how to change my own oil. Alchemists didn’t have to marry other Alchemists, but I was baffled by whatever forces had drawn my parents together. Maybe my father had been less uptight when he was younger. â€Å"I guess,† I said, knowing I sounded sullen. My mother was one of the few people I could be anything less than perfect or content around. She was a big advocate of letting your feelings out. â€Å"I think I’m just annoyed that I didn’t have much say in it.† â€Å"Annoyed? I’m furious that he didn’t even talk to me about it,† she huffed. â€Å"I can’t believe he just smuggled you out like that! You’re my daughter, not some commodity that he can just move around.† For a moment, my mother reminded me weirdly of Rose – both possessed that unflinching tendency to say what was on their minds. That ability seemed strange and exotic to me, but sometimes – when I thought about my own carefully controlled and reserved nature – I wondered if maybe I was the weird one. â€Å"He didn’t know all the details,† I said, automatically defending him. With my father’s temper, if my parents were mad at each other, then life at home would be unpleasant for Zoe – not to mention my mom. Better to ensure peace. â€Å"They hadn’t told him everything.† â€Å"I hate them sometimes.† There was a growl in my mom’s voice. â€Å"Sometimes I hate him too.† I wasn’t sure what to say to that. I resented my father, sure, but he was still my father. A lot of the hard choices he made were because of the Alchemists, and I knew that no matter how stifled I felt sometimes, the Alchemists’ job was important. Humans had to be protected from the existence of vampires. Knowing vampires existed would create a panic. Worse, it could drive some weak-willed humans into becoming slaves to the Strigoi in exchange for immortality and the eventual corruption of their souls. It happened more often than we liked to admit. â€Å"It’s fine, Mom,† I said soothingly. â€Å"I’m fine. I’m not in trouble anymore, and I’m in the U.S. even.† Actually, I wasn’t sure if the â€Å"trouble† part was really true, but I thought the latter would soothe her. Stanton had told me to keep our location in Palm Springs secret, but giving up that we were domestic wouldn’t hurt too much and might make my mom think I had an easier job ahead of me than I likely did. She and I talked a little bit more before hanging up, and she told me she’d heard from my sister Carly. All was well with her at college, which I was relieved to hear. I wanted desperately to find out about Zoe as well but resisted asking to talk to her. I was afraid that if she got on the phone, I’d find out she was still mad at me. Or, worse, that she wouldn’t speak to me at all. I went to bed feeling melancholy, wishing I could have poured out all my fears and insecurities to my mom. Wasn’t that what normal mothers and daughters did? I knew she would’ve welcomed it. I was the one who had trouble letting myself go, too wrapped up in Alchemist secrets to be a normal teenager. After a long sleep, and with the morning sunlight streaming through my window, I felt a little better. I had a job to do, and having purpose shifted me out of feeling sorry for myself. I remembered that I was doing this for Zoe, for Moroi and humans alike. It allowed me to center myself and push my insecurities aside – at least, for now. I picked up Keith around noon and drove us outside of the city to meet Jill and the recluse Moroi who’d be helping us. Keith had a lot to say about the guy, whose name was Clarence Donahue. Clarence had lived in Palm Springs for three years, ever since the death of his niece in Los Angeles, which had apparently had quite a traumatic effect on the man. Keith had met him a couple of times on past jobs and kept making jokes about Clarence’s tenuous grip on sanity. â€Å"He’s a few pints short of a blood bank, you know?† Keith said, chuckling to himself. I bet he’d been waiting days to use that line. The jokes were in poor taste – and stupid to boot – but as we got closer and closer to Clarence’s home, Keith eventually became very quiet and nervous. Something occurred to me. â€Å"How many Moroi have you met?† I asked as we pulled off the main road and turned into a long and winding driveway. The house was straight out of a Gothic movie, boxy and made of gray bricks that were completely at odds with most of the Palm Springs architecture we’d scene. The only reminder that we were in southern California was the ubiquitous palm trees surrounding the house. It was a weird juxtaposition. â€Å"Enough,† said Keith evasively. â€Å"I can handle being around them.† The confidence in his tone sounded forced. I realized that despite his brashness about this job, his comments on the Moroi and dhampir races, and his judgment of my actions, Keith was actually very, very uncomfortable with the idea of being around non-humans. It was understandable. Most Alchemists were. A large part of our job didn’t even involve interacting with the vampiric world – it was the human world that needed tending. Records had to be covered up, witnesses bribed. The majority of Alchemists had very little contact with our subjects, meaning most Alchemists’ knowledge came from the stories and teachings passed down through the families. Keith had said he’d met Clarence but made no mention of spending time with other Moroi or dhampirs – certainly not a group, like we were about to face. I was no more excited to hang around vampires than he was, but I realized it didn’t scare me nearly as much as it once would have. Rose and her companions had given me a tough skin. I’d even been to the Moroi Royal Court, a place few Alchemists had ever visited. If I’d walked away from the heart of their civilization intact, I was certain I could handle whatever was inside this house. Admittedly, it would’ve been a little easier if Clarence’s house didn’t look so much like a creepy haunted manor from a horror movie. We walked up to the door, presenting a united front in our stylish, formal Alchemist attire. Whatever his faults, Keith cleaned up well. He wore khaki pants with a white button-up shirt and navy silk tie. The shirt had short sleeves, though I doubted that was helping much in the heat. It was early September, and the temperature had been pushing ninety when I left my hotel. I was equally hot in a brown skirt, tights, and a cap-sleeved blouse scattered with tan flowers. Belatedly, I realized we kind of matched. Keith lifted his hand to knock at the door, but it opened before he could do anything. I flinched, a bit unnerved despite the assurances I’d just given myself. The guy who opened the door looked just as surprised to see us. He held a cigarette pack in one hand and appeared as though he’d been heading outside to smoke. He paused and gave us a once-over. â€Å"So. Are you guys here to convert me or sell me siding?† The disarming comment was enough to help me shake off my anxiety. The speaker was a Moroi guy, a little older than me, with dark brown hair that had undoubtedly been painstakingly styled to look messy. Unlike Keith’s ridiculously over-gelled attempts, this guy had actually done it in a way that looked good. Like all Moroi, he was pale and had a tall, lean build. Emerald green eyes studied us from a face that could have been sculpted by one of the classical artists I so admired. Shocked, I dismissed the comparison as soon as it popped into my head. This was a vampire, after all. It was ridiculous to admire him the way I would some hot human guy. â€Å"Mr. Ivashkov,† I said politely. â€Å"It’s nice to see you again.† He frowned and studied me from his greater height. â€Å"I know you. How do I know you?† â€Å"We – † I started to say â€Å"met† but realized that wasn’t quite right since we hadn’t been formally introduced the last time I had seen him. He’d simply been present when Stanton and I had been hauled to the Moroi Court for questioning. â€Å"We ran into each other last month. At your Court.† Recognition lit his eyes. â€Å"Right. The Alchemist.† He thought for a moment and then surprised me when he pulled up my name. With everything else that had been going on when I was at the Moroi Court, I hadn’t expected to make an impression. â€Å"Sydney Sage.† I nodded, trying not to look flustered at the recognition. Then I realized Keith had frozen up beside me. He’d claimed he could â€Å"handle† being around Moroi, but apparently, that meant staring gape-mouthed and not saying a word. Keeping a pleasant smile on, I said, â€Å"Keith, this is Adrian Ivashkov. Adrian, this is my colleague, Keith Darnell.† Adrian held out his hand, but Keith didn’t shake it. Whether that was because Keith was still shell-shocked or because he simply didn’t want to touch a vampire, I couldn’t say. Adrian didn’t seem to mind. He dropped his hand and took out a lighter, stepping past us as he did. He nodded toward the doorway. â€Å"They’re waiting for you. Go on in.† Adrian leaned close to Keith’s ear and spoke in an ominous voice. â€Å"If. You. Dare.† He poked Keith’s shoulder and gave a â€Å"Muhahaha† kind of monster laugh. Keith nearly leapt ten feet in the air. Adrian chuckled and strolled off down a garden path, lighting his cigarette as he walked. I glared after him – though it had been kind of funny – and nudged Keith toward the door. â€Å"Come on,† I said. The coolness of air conditioning brushed against me. If nothing else, Keith seemed to have come alive. â€Å"What was that about?† he demanded as we stepped into the house. â€Å"He nearly attacked me!† I shut the door. â€Å"It was about you looking like an idiot. And he didn’t do a thing to you. Could you have acted any more terrified? They know we don’t like them, and you looked like you were ready to bolt.† Admittedly, I kind of liked seeing Keith caught off guard, but human solidarity left no question about which side I was on. â€Å"I did not,† argued Keith, though he was obviously embarrassed. We walked down a long hallway with dark wood floors and trim that seemed to absorb all light. â€Å"God, what is wrong with these people? Oh, I know. They aren’t people.† â€Å"Hush,† I said, a bit shocked at the vehemence in his voice. â€Å"They’re right in there. Can’t you hear them?† Heavy French doors met us at the end of the hall. The glass was frosted and stained, obscuring what was inside, but a low murmur of voices could still be heard. I knocked on the door and waited until a voice called an entry. The anger on Keith’s face vanished as the two of us exchanged brief, commiserating looks. This was it. The beginning. We stepped through. When I saw who was inside, I had to stop my jaw from dropping like Keith’s had earlier. For a moment, I couldn’t breathe. I’d mocked Keith for being afraid around vampires and dhampirs, but now, face-to-face with a group of them, I suddenly felt trapped. The walls threatened to close in on me, and all I could think about were fangs and blood. My world reeled – and not just because of the group’s size. Abe Mazur was here. Breathe, Sydney. Breathe, I told myself. It wasn’t easy, though. Abe represented a thousand fears for me, a thousand entanglements I’d gotten myself into. Slowly, my surroundings crystallized, and I regained control. Abe wasn’t the only one here, after all, and I made myself focus on the others and ignore him. Three other people sat in the room with him, two of whom I recognized. The unknown, an elderly Moroi with thinning hair and a big white mustache, had to be our host, Clarence. â€Å"Sydney!† That was Jill Mastrano, her eyes lighting up with delight. I liked Jill, but I hadn’t thought I’d made enough of an impression on the girl to warrant such a welcome. Jill almost looked like she would run up and hug me, and I prayed that she wouldn’t. I didn’t need Keith to see that. More importantly, I didn’t need Keith reporting about that. Beside Jill was a dhampir, one I knew in the same way I knew Adrian – that is, I’d seen him but had never been introduced. Eddie Castile had also been present when I was questioned at the Royal Court and, if memory served, had been in some trouble of his own. For all intents and purposes, he looked human, with an athletic body and face that had spent a lot of time in the sun. His hair was a sandy brown, and his hazel eyes regarded me and Keith in a friendly – but wary – way. That’s how it was with guardians. They were always on alert, always watching for the next threat. In some ways, I found it reassuring. My survey of the room soon returned me to Abe, who had been watching and seemed amused by my obvious avoidance of him. A sly smile spread over his features. â€Å"Why, Miss Sage,† he said slowly. â€Å"Aren’t you going to say hello to me?† How to cite Bloodlines Chapter Three, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Social Policy Debate

Question: Identify one contemporary social policy debate and consider the theoretical underpinnings of the various positions within the debate. Critically analyse the impact of the policy in relation to one client group or population and identify the way that a human services professional can be involved with influencing the social policy. Answer: Introduction The main aim of the assignment is to discuss the various social issues that the people face and what are the theories that affect the social issues. The author chooses one contemporary social policy debate and analyses the impact of the policy in relation to one client group or population. It further analyzes how the social policy issues can affect the professional services of the human being and the way that a human services professional can be involved with influencing the social policy. The author also discusses the usage of the social policy to positively influence the service provision and the society. The main idea of the assignment is to discuss the impact of social policies and the issues on human being and society. It also critically analyzes the theoretical aspects of the social policies (Graetz, 2016). Social policy is a subject that combines various other subjects such as sociology, political science and economics to understand the influence of the policy on the society and human beings or a particular group of population. The main aim of the social policy is to discuss individual social well being and social justice and the policy impact the policies are having on society. It is an interdisciplinary subject that combines various subjects such as sociology, political science and economics (Smith, 2014). The main aim of studying social policy is to acquire theoretical knowledge and concepts so that people have the ability to think creatively. Contemporary social issues are the issues that the people at current scenario face. This includes topics such as crime, violence, abuse, racism and discrimination in society. Social issues are the problems that the society face that causes damage to society and people existing in the society. Contemporary social issues are the issues that pres ent people face and the problems that exist currently. It is the problems that are most discussed such as girl child education in Africa and the peace in the Middle East. The author chooses to discuss the issue of increase in suicide rates in Australia that is linked to social crisis (Giddens, 2013). Contemporary social issue debate The society face many issues social issues such as challenges regarding the education of girl child in Africa, rise in abortion of girl child, bullying, sexual harassment against women, and terrorism and violence. The top most social issues that Australia faces are treatment of asylum seekers, aboriginal imprisonment, disability rights, marriage inequality that is disallowing same sex marriage and the rise in terrorism. Recently the most common social issue that Australia faces is the rise in the suicide rate in Australia that has direct impact on the economic and social conditions of the economy. Suicides in Australia is the most studied because of the increase in the rate of suicide rate and its damaging impact on society and economy (Adinkrah, 2012). The suicide rates in Australia have increased by twenty percent between 2004 and 2014. The next agenda of the parliament house in Australia is to take some preventive measures to reduce the number of suicide in the economy. The main reason for the rise in suicide rates in the worsening economic conditions that are hampering many families and communities. Though the economy is able to imply social safety net to the unemployed people and the ones with disability it has not been successful in controlling the suicide rates. The report presented by the datacenter suggested and examined that the average of 7.8 deaths occurs in Australia by suicides each day (Elliott, 2014). The most common reason for the rise in suicide rates is the worsening economic conditions. Rise in the unemployment rate was one of the major factors contributing to rise in the suicide rates in Australia. The other factors were loss of manufacturing that resulted in lay off many Australian workers. The second is rise i n cost of the housing and education that was making it difficult for people to maintain the standard of living. The pressure to feed its family is rising due to which the only way people find it easy to escape is take away their life and die. It is essential for the Australian government to provide mental health benefits in order to decrease the psychological stress of people (Alston, 2012). The social issues that the people are facing is rise in poverty, unemployment, decrease in funding of education and training sessions, and lack of social support regarding the housing crisis from the government. The factors contributing to rise in suicide is complex in nature. It is a major social problem in Australia. The main drawback is that the study of suicides is confined to morality of mental illness. Suicide is violence and damage to one self that is caused due to many social factors. Suicide may not only occur due to economic conditions, but there can be many other reasons (Beadnell, 2016). Problems in personal relationship, mental health problem, or other social factors such as inability to handle stress are some of the factors that contribute to suicides. Suicide has many implications to societies and communities all being negative implications. High rates in suicides are known as humanitarian crisis. In Australia suicides are more common in males than in females. The reas on for higher male suicide rates are lower socio economic lifestyle and increase in social isolation. Alcohol and suicide rates also have positive correlation. Unemployment and suicide rates have a positive correlation. As the unemployment rate rises so does the suicide rates (Batterham et al., 2013). Suicide is considered as one of the serious problem in not only Australia but globally. It is related to many social factors such as differences in sex, race and gender discrimination, differences in class and standards and age discrimination. It is greatly related to demographical and social changes. Suicides occurring due to personal reasons are divided into three categories that includes clinical, situational and rational. Suicides occurring due to depression are known as clinical suicide. Suicides occurring due to changes in the situation fall under the category of situational suicides. These include loss in job, financial problems, broken relationships, rise in stress and emotional pain. Suicides occurring due to political reasons and illness fall in the category of rational suicide where people lose hope to live. The main problem of suicides is found especially on teens and the younger section of society. The main relation of suicide is to stress and depression. It is essential to raise awareness among the youth that specifies the problems and challenges of suicides. Increase in suicide indicates social crisis. Suicide leads to rise in social tensions and crisis (De Leo, 2015). Theoretical concepts that influences suicide Depression and aggression is the principal causes of suicide. Psychological theories usually concern some psychodynamic mechanism as the determining factor in suicide. Psycho biologists investigating aggressive, self-assertive and deviant behavior have suggested that somatic alterations may be an important factor. The concept of suicide was introduced by a French sociologist or social philosopher Emile Durkheim in the year 1897 (Van et al., 2013).His work was concerned with specifying how societies can maintain integrity and modernity in societies. The theoretical concept is used to explain the social environmental influences underlying suicide. There are different levels of suicides and various behaviors that influence suicides. According to Taylor there are four types of behavior that influences suicide. These include a term known as suicide where a person attempts to dies and does so. The second is attempted suicide where a person thinks of dying but does not. The fourth is suicid al gesture where a person has no intention of dying and does not. The last one is accident where a person does not intend to die but does so because of unforeseen events. The theories related to suicide are classified into three groups (Borgatti et al., 2014). These are: Biological theories- this theory is related o biological concept where the suicide depends on certain physiological, biochemical and genetic factors. Examples neurological damage and nutritional disorders. Psychological and psychiatric theories- this theory is related to psychological concepts or the behaviors and beliefs that influences people to take their lives. This theory is based on social and cultural factors. Sociological theories- this theory is related to sociology where the social, economic, and cultural factors influence the etiology of suicide. There are two approaches that are related to the theory. The first approach is quantitative that uses the statistical approach to find out the factors influencing suicide. The second approach is qualitative in nature where the methodology is based on quality (Berkman et al., 2014). Different suicide theories are competing in nature and they overlap in some way. Various authors have used many traditional psychological and social concepts that influence the suicide theories. Sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, anthropologists, economists, epidemiologists, demographers, historians, theologians and philosophers have all applied themselves to the problem of suicide. The theory of suicide is known as Suicidology (Wellington, 2015). It is an interdisciplinary subject that combines various other subjects such as economics, sociology, psychology and culture. There are two primary theories that state the influence of the social environmental factors on suicide. The first one is the theories competing that suicide, is primarily a result of comprehensive conditions of social disturbance or incompetence and the way it is attractive in a collection or inhabitants. The second theory is that the suicide is the product of distinct social or cultural meanings and the way it is patterned in a group or population. One is a generalized concept while the other is the distinct and specialized concept (Douglas, 2015). Impact of suicide in relation to one client group or population The main group or population that is influenced by suicide is men in Australia. Suicide does not only affect the economy but it also affects the family that is left behind. Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in Australia. The research indicates that men account for 80 % of all suicides in Australia. Society has a cost to pay for suicide and it greatly affects partners, siblings, family members, friends and the clients, patients or customers. It has a negative impact on communities and society as well (Stanley et al., 2015). Suicides also have negative economic costs. There are two types of costs that suicide has that are direct and indirect costs. The direct costs are costs related to paying for ambulance charges, doctor service, counseling charges to family members and police service charge. The indirect cost is the cost related to the contribution that a person would have made on the economy and its activity. It is measured as income of people and its contribution to gro wth and GDP of the country. The indirect costs relates to productivity loss, low economic output and low national income (Haw et al., 2013). Suicide has a negative impact in society. The teens get influenced in a wrong way and it also spreads wrong message in a community. Suicide also leads to more suicide as the ones who are affected due to suicide of theory loved ones attempt to die as they have no reason to live. The term used for this kind of suicide is known as copycat suicide. One suicide affects the entire society. It is not just one client that gets affected from suicide of one person but the entire population, society and community. The riskiest group in Australia attempting suicide is male members aged between 20 to 35 years of age. There are various strategies that can be adopted to control the suicide rates. Media also has a great impact on society as well as suicides. The major impact is not on the ones who die but on the ones who attempt to die but survive. The mental illness of those people increase and it becomes difficult for them to survive in the society that often does not accept the ones who are invol ved in such kind of act (Judd et al., 2012). Strategies to deal with suicides Human services professional can be involved with influencing the social policy and suicide. Proper formations of strategy and planning b the communities and the government can help reducing suicides across the world. Dealing with suicide is a complex process as it is difficult to judge that a person is about to commit suicide. In order to reduce the number of suicides it is essential to develop health care centers where the patients with mental illness are given proper treatment. It is very delicate to deal with the person who is depressed. The government and the communities should hire the psycatrists and psychologists that can effectively deal with the situation and help the person come out of depression. The family members of the suicidal person should be alert if a person is in depression. There are various helpline centers where the person can contact of the thought of suicide are striking in their minds. Avoiding the intake of drugs and alcohol can also reduce the number the su icides (Goldney, 2013). National suicide prevention strategy is an organization that formulates policies with an emphasis on prevention and intervention on suicides. It provides a basic platform in Australia. The strategies formulated by the organization include formation of leadership groups at national level that presents its support and services to the ones depressed. It also includes formation of national health care that provides special assistance to ones who have attempted suicides (Loureiro et al., 2015). There are various approaches that can be used to prevent suicide. The first approach is public health approach to suicide prevention. The public health approach is based on population, prevention, understanding and developing activities that helps in works across sectors. The second is strategic planning to prevent suicide. Those approaches help in understanding the communitys suicide problem, that prioritizes prevention efforts and implement, expand and prevent suicide activities in the suicide problems over time. The third approach is the comprehensive approach to prevent suicide. It is the most systematic approach that employs seven strategies. The first strategy is identifying people at risk. The second approach is seeking help. The third approach is providing access to mental health services. The forth strategy is establishing crisis management procedures. The fifth approach is restricting access to lethal means and the sixth approach is enhancing life skills. The last strategy is promoting social networks and connectedness (McNamara, 2013). It is essential to identify the warning signs in order to prevent suicides. The ten important suicide warnings that should be noticed by the family members and siblings are that: Suicidal ideation that includes thinking, planning, writing about suicide and searching the ways for suicides. Substance abuse. Worthlessness and insignificance. Nervousness, demonstration, and unable to sleep or sleeping all the time. Social extraction from friends, family and society. Annoyance, rage or seeking revenge. Irresponsibility or impulsiveness and. Mood changes (Ross, 2014). A person who feels that he is depressed should talk to a person and seek advice. Talking to a friend or family member helps reducing stress and depression. The listener or the family member should be quick in responding during the time of social crisis. Proper planes and resource should be executed in order to implement the strategy and set a time frame for intention. It is also essential to support help to get professional help. It is essential to seek professional help. Professional service will help the patient and the victim to deal with patient. Health professional helps in managing the health problems and mental illness that helps in dealing with the situation professionally (Robinson et al., 2015). Social policy could be utilized to positively influence service provision Social policies help in creating an environment that is healthy and ethical. There are various areas where the social policies are implied. These include well being, welfare, unemployment, insurance, justice, animal rights, education, criminal offence and urban development. Suicide as studies above does not have a positive influence but has a negative influence on society. It negatively influences the teens and adolescents residing in society as they think that suicide is an easy way to escape all problems and tensions (Parsons, 2013). The problem of copycat suicide adds on to the damage due to which the number of suicides keeps in increasing. The social policies are important in solving various social problems. Social policies helps in studying the reason for the social problems to rise and then helps in forming proper strategies to prevent it from the core. Then the problem identified is addressed using various social and political implications. Non governmental agencies that aim a t increasing the social well being of the community try to bring the situation under control. The research agenda is a department that uses social policies to identify the problems to prevent risks. The main aim of the department is to identify the key questions to prevent suicide that are why do people commit suicide or how can risk be predicted. It also identifies the policies that help in reducing the risk and preventing the suicides helping the suicidal rates to fall. Identification of intervention policy to prevent suicides is necessary condition (Milner et al., 2012). Conclusion Hence, suicides are one of the emerging social problems that are on rise. The suicide rates in Australia are continually rising especially in Australia in case of male members. There are various strategies that can be used by professional service to prevent suicides. Rising suicide and its social issue is the most studied topic in Australia recently. It is essential for the organizations to understand the reasons that is urging people to die and try mitigating it by providing them proper security and benefit. There are various theories related to suicides that are competing in nature. The social problem has direct impact on society and community. References Adinkrah, M. (2012). Better dead than dishonored: Masculinity and male suicidal behavior in contemporary Ghana.Social Science Medicine,74(4), 474-481. Alston, M. (2012). Rural male suicide in Australia.Social Science Medicine,74(4), 515-522. Batterham, P. J., Calear, A. L., Christensen, H. (2013). The stigma of suicide scale.Crisis. Beadnell, M. (2016). Increasing suicide rate in Australia highlights social crisis - World Socialist Web Site. Retrieved 14 June 2016, from Berkman, L. F., Kawachi, I., Glymour, M. M. (Eds.). (2014).Social epidemiology. Oxford University Press. Borgatti, S. P., Mehra, A., Labianca, G. J., Brass, D. J. (Eds.). (2014).Contemporary perspectives on organizational social networks(Vol. 40). Emerald Group Publishing. De Leo, D. (2015). Australia revises its mortality data on suicide.Crisis. Douglas, J. D. (2015).Social meanings of suicide. Princeton University Press. Elliott, A. (2014).Contemporary social theory: An introduction. Routledge. Giddens, A. (2013).Politics, sociology and social theory: encounters with classical and contemporary social thought. John Wiley Sons. Goldney, R. D. (2013).Suicide prevention. Oxford University Press. Graetz, B. (2016). STUDENT MENTAL HEALTH PROGRAMS Current challenges and future opportunities.Mental Health and Wellbeing through Schools: The Way Forward. Haw, C., Hawton, K., Niedzwiedz, C., Platt, S. (2013). Suicide clusters: a review of risk factors and mechanisms.Suicide and life-threatening behavior,43(1), 97-108. Judd, F., Jackson, H., Komiti, A., Bell, R., Fraser, C. (2012). The profile of suicide: changing or changeable?.Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology,47(1), 1-9. Loureiro, P. R. A., Moreira, T. B. S., Sachsida, A. (2015). Does the effect of media influence suicide rates?.Journal of Economic Studies,42(3), 415-432. McNamara, P. M. (2013). Adolescent suicide in Australia: rates, risk and resilience.Clinical child psychology and psychiatry,18(3), 351-369. Milner, A., McClure, R., De Leo, D. (2012). Socio-economic determinants of suicide: an ecological analysis of 35 countries.Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology,47(1), 19-27. Parsons, T. (2013).Social system. Routledge. Robinson, J., Cox, G., Bailey, E., Hetrick, S., Rodrigues, M., Fisher, S., Herrman, H. (2015). Social media and suicide prevention: a systematic review.Early intervention in psychiatry. Ross, E. W. (Ed.). (2014).Social Studies Curriculum, The: Purposes, Problems, and Possibilities. SUNY Press. Smith, C. (2014).Disruptive religion: The force of faith in social movement activism. Routledge. Stanley, I. H., Hom, M. A., Rogers, M. L., Hagan, C. R., Joiner Jr, T. E. (2015). Understanding suicide among older adults: a review of psychological and sociological theories of suicide.Aging mental health, 1-10. Van Krieken, R., Habibis, D., Smith, P., Hutchins, B., Martin, G., Maton, K. (2013).Sociology. Pearson Higher Education AU. Wellington, J. (2015).Educational research: Contemporary issues and practical approaches. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Thursday, April 2, 2020

Privatization of National Parks free essay sample

Privatization Vernita Lewis Regis University Abstract Privatization is the transfer of enterprise ownership in whole or in part from state to private hand. In this scenario the potential privatization of U. S. National Parks, Yellowstone and Grand Teton, National Parks is discussed and outcomes of such measures are explored. The U. S. National Parks decided to conduct a study to explore how privatization of various park services such as; rangers and scientific work would fare. The studies were conducted in an effort to create greater efficiency, accountability and cost effectiveness. Opponents of privatization of national parks urged that privatization of national parks would create a greater emphasis being put on the bottom line and not the good of the parks. Opponents chased legislation and collectively attempted to prevent privatization of national parks. Privatizing National Park Services Background The National Parks Service was established in 1916 by President Theodore Roosevelt and Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act. We will write a custom essay sample on Privatization of National Parks or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The National Park Service (NPS) is the U. S. ederal agency that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. â€Å"The NPS grew out of concerns for preservation of public lands during a time of widespread plundering of Indian ruins, looting of Civil War battlefields and the degradation of historic buildings and sites†, (Scenario). Tremain states that, â€Å"Congress gave authority of conserving the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife in the parks and providing for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them nimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations (2003)†. In 2003 there was a 2 year study proposed to find out if privatization could be an effective means of saving the government money. This idea came upon the hells of the national debt increasing. The idea behind privatizing the care of national parks was that pri vate organizations might be able to deliver the same quality of services more efficiently and would result in a 30% annual savings to the national government. Privatization, or sometimes referred to as denationalization or disinvestment, is the transfer of ownership from the public sector to the private sector. The term sometimes used to refer to a government subcontracting a service or function to a private team†, (Scenario). Proponents believe that â€Å"private market actors can more efficiently deliver services because free market competition will lead to lower costs, improved quality, more choices for those served, less corruption, less red tape and quicker delivery of services† (Scenario). While opponents of privatization believe that certain social programs of government services should be off limits for the free market to â€Å"protect them from ruthlessness and unpredictability of the market†, (Scenario). Several environmentally friendly Third Sector agencies collectively explored the challenges that privatizing the National Parks Service would bring about. The study looked at two national parks in particular; the study looked at Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park. Issues U. S. National Parks provide 1,800 people with jobs. The concern or issue that arises is, will those 1,800 people lose their jobs to outsourcing if privatization of the national parks does occur? 123 of those jobs would be from Grand Teton and Yellowstone National Parks alone. Another issue that rises out of privatization of national parks is, how will the public be able to hold private organizations accountable for caring for the parks? Currently, the public pays for National Parks Services through tax dollars and appoints those in control to their positions through elections. That power might be lost through privatization. Proposed Course of Action Scenario’s course of action The scenario’s course of action included the government applying a two year study that would examine the potential effectiveness of privatizing National Park Services. The government of the Unites States attempted also, to provide stakeholders with answers. The studies provided the following information, positions being considered included; ranger duties and scientific work (biologist would not be considered), archaeologist would also be considered. Employees could compete for positions, and scientific studies would not be allowed to be compromised during the study. Alternative course of action proposed The government could be required to continue oversight of the national parks and acquire the responsibility of overseeing or monitoring the private organization selected to carry out the given task of providing certain park services for Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks. The government would have the private organizations interested in obtaining the role of providing private services for the parks provide the government with proposals that clearly define and outline their budget and have a clear plan of action. The proposals would then be evaluated thoroughly by a committee that would evaluate the proposals. The private agency would be selected based on having the best plan and not just the cheapest plan. The chosen plan should also include a plan for keeping at least 50% of the current employees intact at the parks as a stipulation. The agency chosen would also have a limited amount of time, I would suggest 3-5 years, for their contracts to be active and upon expiration of the contract the bid would then again be open to other private agencies. This would assist in a checks and balances system for the government to have over the private agency. If the agency doesn’t perform up to the agreed upon contract in a manner that is conducive for the national parks , then other agencies would have the opportunity to provide national park services. Gillroy suggests that, â€Å"The government would also clearly outline the expectation of high performance standards through making sure measurable performance standards are built into the contracts and sanctions or penalties for underperformance† (2011). The standards would include maintaining the preservation of the parks, continuing valuable scientific studies and, but not limited to providing current picture data when requested. Alternative course of action evaluation The alternative plan of action would assist in the elimination of some of the concerns held by opponents of privatization of national parks. It would allow privatization, but would severely limit the power of the private agency and would still hold the government responsible for ultimately overseeing the preservation of national parks. Through limiting contract lengths, the private organization would not be allowed to sit back and just focus on the bottom line cost of providing services to the national parks, but make them accountable for the services they deliver. This would provide taxpayers with the benefit of being able to free the public of an organization that does not meets standards set before them concerning the preservation of national parks. Best course of action â€Å"Modern civil society is the sum of institutions, organizations and individuals located between the family, the state, and the market, in which people associate voluntarily to advance common interest†, (Anheier, 9). Using Anheier’s definition of civil society I propose that the best course of action would be to incorporate the government, private organizations and the citizens of the nation to create the best situation that will ensure continuous preservation of national parks. The Third sector has several organizations that have missions to ensure that the preservation of the environment ensues. The best course of action would be for the government to enlist the services of one of those organizations who could meet the performance standards and has a proven zeal for the environment to provide services for the national parks. The government would still be responsible for monitoring the organizations work to ensure that performance standards are being met. The Third sector organization would potentially bring with it its own following and steady volunteer base and because the national parks aligns with its mission it will have a vested interest in ensuring success. Again the organization would be subject to a limited term contract that could be revoked or not renewed if standards and expectations are not met. Through this plan of action the government would be responsible for providing supervision, while the Third sector organization would be able to further its mission and the public interest concerning national parks would be preserved. Anheier, H. K. (2005) Nonprofit organizations: theory, management, policy. New York: Routledge. Gilroy,L. (2011, April 4). Is privatization a bad deal for cities and states: competition brings savings. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www. nytimes. com/roomfordebate/2011/04/03. Scenario:The Privatization Scenario

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Construction and Building Trade Students Essay Example

Construction and Building Trade Students Essay Example Construction and Building Trade Students Essay Construction and Building Trade Students Essay This section is devoted to learning basic information about the students and their jobs. It contains different activities to learn more about the students, including activities about what the students’ responsibilities in their jobs are, what they might wear on the job, and when they might need to use language. A teacher can come in with the answers already and test’ the students’ knowledge, or he can ask the students to tell him.The purpose is to make the students think about what they need to know and what they already know, as well as for the English teacher to show an interest in the students’ careers (which are the reason they’re there). It is also important to look at how the classroom differs the from the students’ workplace, which is the final activity in this section. These activities lay the groundwork for the climate in the classroom, how much the students and their needs are respected, etc. It is very important for the teacher to establish ground rules and foster an environment of mutual respect.Organizational Structures In every business, there is some form of organization. This includes the structure of employees and supervisors, and chains of communication. Writing out an organogram’ can help the students to understand these chains of command and also learn who to communicate with and how to do so. The organogram focuses on asking students different questions about who is in charge in the organization, what different departments may exist, the different classifications of employees, etc.Students are shown an example and then asked to complete this for their own trade, or a trade example that t he teacher chooses. It is very important for students (especially those with limited language skills) to be very clear about the organizational structure within their organizations. Students should learn what their role is, who they will communicate with directly, who is supervising them, who they are supervising (if anyone), who to go to with problems, how to deal with instructions, etc.It can be hard for a student with limited language skills to discern this information from the workplace without any prior knowledge. In order to avoid overstepping boundaries, students should be well-equipped to know or learn the chains of command and communication within their own work places. Once the students have identified the company they’d like to work for, they must have the skills to interview with that company, which is also included in this section. When students have secured employment, they will need to be aware of how job responsibilities will be communicated, and how to respon d to them.This may include to-do lists, dictating tasks, or communicating with other employees on the job. There are many different situations the student may encounter on the job, and they should be prepared to handle each situation when possible. Vocabulary Students with limited language skills may not understand key vocabulary that is necessary for their jobs, which is why teachers should focus on providing them with words they will need to know. This is crucial so that students can understand what is being said to them on the job.The first activity is a personal job dictionary,’ which involves the student creating a list of words and definitions (or translations) that he or she will use frequently on the job. This is a very handy reference after the activity is completed, and also functions as a good introduction to on-the-job vocabulary. Once a basic vocabulary is established, students can write down any words or phrases that are unfamiliar to them, and do activities whi ch relate to figuring out the meaning of these words or phrases.They can practice using and reading these words and phrases with partners or in small groups, in order to simulate using them in the workplace. This is a very practical activity, as it gives students a chance to work with important words and phrases in real contexts. A final activity is to have the students look at pictures of objects they may encounter, and ask them to name them. Recognition is important. Also, this uses the student’s visual learning skills, which is also important. Some students will learn much better if they can see the objects than if they simply talk about them or read the words for them.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Salvador Dali and his Unique Artworks Research Paper

Salvador Dali and his Unique Artworks - Research Paper Example Dali’s artistic works that carried strange expressions won a lot of publicity in the world. Dali had a characteristic personal branding in both art and appearance. The unique personal brand added to his publicity. Dali won immeasurable publicity that drew criticism. While some people acknowledged the true worth of his work in making him famous, some people thought that he over commercialized himself. However, Dali’s work deserved the credit it earned because he had real talent evident from his artistic works. The beginning of the 20th century in 1904 saw the birth of one Salvador Dali, to a well up agricultural family in Catalonia, Spain (James 23). His parents were Dali Cusi and Felipa Domenech. His birth was unique as his parents thought he was a reincarnation of their older child who had not lived beyond nine months. Dali accepted the reincarnation story at five years. In addition to their home in Catalonia, the family had a house in Cadaques where they stayed over s ummer. The stay in cadaques had great influence on Dali’s work. Dali had a close relationship with his mother but not with his politically influential father. Dali’ enrolled into school at a tender age of four at Escuela public school. Due to his inability to concentrate in school, his father sent him to a private school. However, Dali did not progress well in school. On the contrary, Dali occupied himself with reminiscences of his summer holidays. His summer holidays presented the only opportunity for him to do what he liked best. He was lucky to find an art mentor at Cadaques where they spent summer. Ramon Pichot, a close ally to the family, mentored Dali up his way to art since childhood. Pichot had links with Pablo Picasso, an influential artist of that time. In 1922, Dali joined the San Fernando academy of art, a venture that would determine his future as an artist. In the academy in Madrid, Dali got the opportunity to express himself freely. It is in the academy where Dali started out on his unique dressing style that would later earn him criticism and publicity. In addition, in the academy, he made friends with whom he walked along his career with forming partnerships with them at times. These friends included Garcia Lorca and Luis Bunuel. According to the Dali Museum Inclusive, during his time in the academy, he explored different art styles in search of his true artistic identity. He tried out cubism, futurism, and purism. He kept himself updated on these styles by reading journals. His work began to appear in galleries and soon he gained the confidence to hold solo exhibitions. He also displayed his work in multiple exhibitions. Due to his talent and increasing artistic adventure, he realized that he was not getting enough challenge from his instructors. This attitude led to his trials to criticize the academy administration. At some point, the academy could not hold him any more. After the dismissal from the academy, he embarked on pai nting back in his hometown. Dali’s works evoke varied emotions. He was too radiant in expressing themes that no longer appealed the Spaniard exhibitions. His thematic exploration at this time was mutilation and decay. Dali’s career took a different turn in 1929 because he ventured into a partnership with his friend from the academy Luis Bunuel (Ross 80). The duo created an avant-garde film that exposed violence and dead bodies. The film titled ‘An Andalusian Dog’ brought the two artists international recognition because it fetched great market. Because of the fame, Dali moved to Paris, where he became a member of the surrealists. The surrealists belonged to an art culture that believed in representing objects